In 1876 the Reciprocity Treaty was signed between the Kingdom of Hawaii and United States of America, opening a huge market for Hawaii's Sugar Plantations. Hawaii needed skilled workers fast and the Portuguese responded. The thousands of Portuguese from the islands of Madeira, Azores and Cape Verde who came to Hawaii between 1878 and 1913 would change Hawaii forever. Today, the third and forth generation of Portuguese-Hawaiians question their past.

 

Pukiki - The American-Portuguese in Hawaii,© 2003.  45 minutes.  ISBN 0-9779707-1–X, Los Angeles: Cactusfield Productions, 2006 

Pukiki - The American-Portuguese in Hawai'i

© 2017  by Luis Proenca

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